On 9 April 1946, the Naga National Council (NNC) submitted a memorandum to the British Cabinet Mission during its visit to Delhi. 1. As the commercial cultivation of this fruit is picking up in Nagaland, the fruit is available at Rs 350 per kg. The NNC stands for the solidarity of all Naga tribes, including those in un-administered areas; Under the 10+2+3 plan, after passing the Higher Secondary Examination (the grade 12 examination), students may enroll in general or professional degree programs. Others suggest it means pierced noses. The state generates 87.98 MU compared to a demand for 242.88 MU. The Angamis, Aos, Konyaks, Lothas, and Sumis are the largest Naga tribes; there are several smaller tribes as well (see List of Naga tribes). The movement led to a series of violent incidents, that damaged government and civil infrastructure, attacked government officials and civilians. Of all the tribal homes at Hornbill this was only one with some artistic wood work as you see on two pillars. From 1935 to 1945, Nagas were merely asking for autonomy within Assam. Gordon Pruett, Christianity, history, and culture in Nagaland, Tezenlo Thong, "'Thy Kingdom Come': The Impact of Colonization and Proselytization on Religion among the Nagas,", Bert Sim, Mosstodloch, Aberdeenshire, Scotland: Pipe Major of the Gordon Highlanders at Kohima: his home is named "Kohima." [72], The governor is the constitutional head of state, representative of the President of India. In July 1960, following discussion between Prime Minister Nehru and the leaders of the Naga People Convention (NPC), a 16-point agreement was arrived at whereby the Government of India recognised the formation of Nagaland as a full-fledged state within the Union of India. Dimasa are part of the greater Kachari group - one of the ancient Kachari tribes. [70][71] Roman Catholics, Revivalists, and Pentecostals are the other Christian denominations. The Constitution of India grants all citizens freedom to leave, change or adopt any religion and its new sects. 4. [80] Local initiatives and tourism pioneers are now beginning to promote a socially responsible tourism model involving the participation of the councils, village elders, the church and the youth. Cash crops, like sugarcane and potato, are also grown in some parts. Most people cultivate rice as it is the main staple diet of the people. In 1957, an agreement was reached between Naga leaders and the Indian government, creating a single separate region of the Naga Hills. The pulp surrounding the seeds is soft, juicy and sweet. [27], Accordingly, the territory was placed under the Nagaland Transitional Provisions Regulation, 1961[28] which provided for an Interim body consisting of 45 members to be elected by tribes according to the customs, traditions and usage of the respective tribes. Major Attraction: Hmuifang. Our education is poor. The northeastern state is a hub of nutritious organic fruits. The event displayed ceremonies and festivities organised by the sponsor. 20 percent of the total land area of the state is covered with wooded forest, a haven for flora and fauna. The Naga Hills rise from the Brahmaputra Valley in Assam to about 610 metres (2,000 ft) and rise further to the southeast, as high as 1,800 metres (6,000 ft). [90] Alongside Dimapur Airport another airport is planned. Apart from these, the vegetables like ginger, garlic, chilli, tomato, potato, cabbage, melon, cucumber, spinach leaf, mustard, onion, brinjal, etc. 1", White lotus, 2016. After having converted to Christianity, people do not feel bound to any one sect and tend to switch affiliation between denominations. The Naga king chili known as Naga Jolokia sometimes called Bhut Jolokia,Ghost Chili, Ghost Pepper or Naga Morich is the World's Hottest Chili known to man. The first phase involves the construction of Dhansiri to Sukhovi (16  km) line. [13], Before the arrival of European colonialism in South Asia, there had been many wars, persecution and raids from Burma on Naga tribes, Meitei people and others in India's northeast. The state has experienced insurgency, as well as an inter-ethnic conflict, since the 1950s. This deficit requires Nagaland to buy power. [43], The Nagaland population is largely rural with 71.14% living in rural regions in 2011. [8] Only married men could give such Feasts, and his wife took a prominent and honoured place during the ritual which emphasised male-female co-operation and interdependence. About Aizawl. Nearby Places: Serchhip and Champhai. Famous For: Tribes, Nature, Hornbill Festival. The next two settlements, Dimapur and Mokokchung were listed as towns from 1961. Traditional arts which include paintings, wood carvings, and sculptures are on display. [59] Shafer came up with his own classification system for languages found in and around Nagaland. Hutton, J. Broad gauge lines run 12.84 kilometres (7.98 mi), National Highway roads 365.3 kilometres (227.0 mi), and state roads 1,094.5 kilometres (680.1 mi). Colnect collectors club revolutionizes your collecting experience! [97] He would typically invite everyone from the tribe. [34], Nagaland is largely a mountainous state. The state's population is 1.978 million, out of which 88% are Christians. Dimapur district is also at the lowest elevation, Zünheboto district being highest in the mountains. The technique of fermentation is used quite often to prepare pickles and drinks in Nagaland. Organized by the State Tourism Department and Art & Culture Department. Nagaland. Mills, J. P. (1935), The Effect of Ritual Upon Industries and Arts in the Naga Hills, Man, 132-135, Learn how and when to remove this template message, 2018 Nagaland Legislative Assembly election, List of institutions of higher education in Nagaland, National Institute of Technology Nagaland, Foreigners (Protected Areas) Order 1958 (India), Northeast Indian Railways during World War II, "Naga issue: posting of interlocutor as Nagaland Governor unlikely to affect peace talks", "Neiphiu Rio sworn in as Nagaland Chief Minister, becomes 1st Nagaland leader to take oath outside Raj Bhavan", "Village/Locality based Pin mapping as on 16th March 2017", "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA", Nagaland – State Human Development Report, "Maps of India website – photograph of GH Damant grave headstone", The World War II Cemetery in Kohima, Nagaland: A Moving Experience, Naga Memorandum to the Simon Commission (1929), "The 16-point Agreement arrived at between the Government of India and the Naga People's Convention, July 1960", "All MLAs ready to sacrifice positions for Naga peace", Nagaland Violence Statistics, India Fatalities 1994-2014, "75% voter turnout in Meghalaya and Nagaland", Nagaland declared 'Falcon capital of the World', "Orchids of Nagaland, propagation, conservation and sustainable utilization: a review", Some Facts and Figures on Development Attainments in Nagaland, "Nagaland Population Sex Ratio in Nagaland Literacy rate data", "Table 162, Number and Percentage of Population Below Poverty Line", An Investigation into Changes in Nagaland's Population between 1971 and 2011, "A-11 Individual Scheduled Tribe Primary Census Abstract Data and its Appendix", "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", "A -4 Towns And Urban Agglomerations Classified By Population Size Class In 2011 With Variation Since 1901 - Class - I Population of 100,000 and Above", "A -4 Towns And Urban Agglomerations Classified By Population Size Class In 2011 With Variation Since 1901 - Class - II Population of 50,000 and 99,999", "A -4 Towns And Urban Agglomerations Classified By Population Size Class In 2011 With Variation Since 1901 - Class - III Population of 20,000 and 49,999", "A -4 Towns And Urban Agglomerations Classified By Population Size Class In 2011 With Variation Since 1901 - Class - IV Population of 10,000 and 19,999", "Individual Scheduled Tribe Primary Census Abstract Data", "Distribution of the 22 Scheduled Languages", "Census Reference Tables, A-Series – Total Population", "Population by religion community – 2011", "DIMAPUR KALIBARI OBSERVES GOLDEN JUBILEE", "Naga People's Front secures absolute majority in Assembly polls, set to form third consecutive government", "Nagaland Election Results: Full List of All Winning Candidates (MLAs)", State wise : Population, GSDP, Per Capita Income and Growth Rate, "This Trail Blazer is Helping Indians Discover The North East Like Never Before", http://www.morungexpress.com/frontpage/119064.html, 2 crore 7-day Hornbill Festival to enthrall, Hornbill International Motor Rally starts, "Alliance Air confirms plans to commence Guwahati-Dimapur-Imphal service in Dec-2019", "Jalukie Veterinary College to start functioning from the current academic session 2016-17", http://morungexpress.com/st-joseph-university-focus-higher-technical-edu/, The Feasts of Merit among the Northern Sangtam Tribe of Assam, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nagaland&oldid=992124608, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Nagaland's capital city is Kohima and its largest city is Dimapur. The spiralling green-pink pods of jungli jalebi (or kodukkapuli) contain about 6-10 shining black seeds enveloped in a thick sweet edible pulp. The popular Hornbill festival of Nagaland is celebrated every year from December 1-10 to mark their conservation efforts for the species. There are no records of whether they came from the northern Mongolian region, southeast Asia or southwest China, except that their origins are from the east of India and that historical records show the present-day Naga people settled before the arrival of the Ahoms in 1228 AD. The memorandum stated that:[citation needed] The least populated district is Longleng (50,593). Instruction is mainly in English — the official language of Nagaland. The Feast given by a wealthier tribes person would be more extravagant. Most of the state's population, about 68 percent, depends on rural cultivation. Along with other tribal regions of the northeast, the people of Nagaland accepted Christianity. These belong mostly to the Sino-Tibetan language family. In response to the Naga memorandum to Simon Commission, the British House of Commons decreed that the Naga Hills ought to be kept outside the purview of the New Constitution; the Government of India Act, 1935 and ordered Naga areas as Excluded Area; meaning outside the administration of British India government. Cease-fires were announced and negotiations continued, but this did little to stop the violence. The state has significant hydroelectric potential, which if realised could make the state a power surplus state. [32], Over the 5-year period of 2009 to 2013, between 0 and 11 civilians died per year in Nagaland from rebellion related activity (or less than 1 death per 100,000 people), and between 3 and 55 militants deaths per year in inter-factional killings (or between 0 and 3 deaths per 100,000 people). War dances and other dances belonging to distinctive Naga tribes are a major art form in Nagaland. [77] Nevertheless, agriculture and forestry contribute a majority of Nagaland's Gross Domestic Product. 'From Head Hunters To Church Planters'. Naga food is considered spicy due to their love for the most famous king chilly ( known as raja mircha in the North East). [45], The relatively slow rate of urbanisation in Nagaland was described in the 1980s as being an effect of (a) the largely administrative roles of the towns, except for Dimapur which had a more diversified economy, and (b) a low level of mobility among the tribes of Nagaland, scheduled tribes constituting nearly 90% of the population. Nagaland is also famous worldwide for its Hot Spices. Arunachal Pradesh (/ ˌ ər ʊ ˌ n ɑː tʃ əl p r ə ˈ d eɪ ʃ /, literally "land of dawn-lit mountains") is a state in Northeast India.It borders the states of Assam and Nagaland to the south. This bird is the subject of folklore in this region. Cinderellas : Stamps [Series: Nagaland] [1/31]. Drouyer, A. Isabel, René Drouyer, THE NAGAS: MEMORIES OF HEADHUNTERS- Indo-Burmese Borderlands- Volume 1", White Lotus, 2016, p.168. Historically, Naga tribes celebrated two main rituals. Dragon Fruit is famous in Thailand, Vietnam, Israel and Sri Lanka. Some of the more known shawls include Tsungkotepsu and Rongsu of the Ao tribe; Sutam, Ethasu, Longpensu of the Lothas; Supong of the Sangtams, Rongkhim and Tsungrem Khim of the Yimchungers; the Angami Lohe shawls with thick embroidered animal motifs etc. The 60-member Vidhan Sabha – all elected members of the legislature – forms the government executive and is led by the Chief minister. Each tribe has a hierarchy of councils at the village, range, and tribal levels dealing with local disputes. Hattaway, Paul. Farmers in the field Representative image. [7], Nagaland became the 16th state of India on 1 December 1963. [49], The largest urban agglomerations are centred upon Dimapur (122,834) and Kohima (115,283). With the arrival of the British East India Company in the early 19th century, followed by the British Raj, Britain expanded its domain over the whole of South Asia, including the Naga Hills. It was formed in 2003 after the Nagaland Legislative Assembly election, with the Naga People's Front (NPF), and the BJP. The railway network in the state is minimal with the Dimapur railway station on the Lumding–Dibrugarh rail section as the only railway station in Nagaland. Drouyer, A. Isabel, René Drouyer, "THE NAGAS: MEMORIES OF HEADHUNTERS- Indo-Burmese Borderlands-vol. 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