PRIOR KNOWLEDGE NOTE: Students should have demonstrated proficiency with survivorship curves prior to this lesson. The classic Demographic Transition Model is based on the experience of Western Europe, in particular England and Wales. Next, students work through an interactive apply their emerging conceptual knowledge to case studies. In addition to troubleshooting technology issues, the most important teacher move in this section is push students to use appropriate evidence for their predictions about the environmental impact of the chosen country in 2050. Students will also use it to consider potential solutions to problems people face in different societies. Compare the graph of England’s transition to the classic model. ... answer choices . Divide the class into four (or more—see note below) groups. Demographic Transition Model - Student Questions & Answer KeyThese are a number of thoughtful questions presented to students after having worked with and spent time with the Demographic Transition model. ADVERTISEMENTS: Theory of Demographic Transition is a theory that throws light on changes in birth rate and death rate and consequently on the growth-rate of population. In this lesson students will be introduced to the demographic transition model. 9th - 12th grade. Unit 3 Oceans. Is it necessary that all countries share the experiences of Europe and the United States in order to pass through a demographic transition? But do the changes that occurred in Western Europe and the United States have relevance for modern countries just entering the industrial age? It works on the premise that birth and death rates are connected to and correlate with stages of industrial development. Learn about the large-scale ocean circulation patterns that help to regulate temperatures and weather patterns on land, and the microscopic marine organisms that form the base of marine food webs. (Hint: the differences between the second and third stage are important. In class, students first share ideas about the demographic transition theory that they learned from the FLIPPED assignment and then work through models of the theory from video and text resources. 0. The meeting was organized and sponsored by the Fundación Ramón Areces and the Grupo de Estudios Población y Sociedad (GEPS), a consolidated multi-institutional research group funded by … All Rights Reserved. U.S. 2020 Census and American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau International Data Base, Making Population Real: New Lesson Plans and Classroom Activities, American Community Survey (ACS) Data Users Group, PACE (Policy, Advocacy, and Communication Enhanced), To understand the classic demographic transition (DT) model, To explain assumptions and limitations of the classic DT model, To construct graphs of contemporary demographic change, To explain contemporary demographic patterns in the context of the classic DT model, Activity 2: Global Population Patterns and Demographic Transitions. Select the group's chosen country from the "Select one or more Countries or Areas" box. If there is more than one country with the same rate, select any one of the countries. The Demographic Transition Model (DTM) generalises the changes that the population of a country goes through as its economy develops from being pre-industrial to industrial, then post-industrial. Updated: Mar 7, 2012. doc, 81 KB. (Hint: the differences between the third and fourth stage are important.). stage 3 The birth rate is declining and people are living longer so it is more affordable and necessary. Can contemporary less developed countries hope to achieve either the demographic transition or the economic progress enjoyed by more developed countries that passed through the transition at a different time and under different circumstances? Try to find out how its birth and death rates have changed over a period of at least ten years. The teacher will perform explicit modeling and explicitly correct student misunderstanding. Throughout much of history human populations have been characterized by relative stability—high birth rates and high death rates fluctuating around a low growth equilibrium. 4. Population pyramids are another data visualization tool that will require many of the same skills that students needed for survivorship curves, such as collecting data, processing data for use in a graph, plotting data, drawing conclusions from data, comparing the meaning of different graphs, and using data visualizations to make predictions about future population growth. Stage 4. ], Central Concepts: Demographic transition model; birth rate; death rate; natural increase. Why did Mexico ‘s late start toward transition result in such dramatic growth? How does a population pyramid provide information about stages of demographic transition? How Do Demographic Characteristics Vary Among World Regions? Match. Ask students if the classic model has a place in contemporary population analysis, and explain that they will test the model in this activity. (Hint: the differences between the first and second stage are important. Demographic Transition Model worksheet. Ask if you have questions.) Annotations will emphasize the social and political factors influence a rise or fall in death rate, birth rate, and total population. Gravity. Activity 3: Can an Old Model Explain New Trends? Calculate the percentage (to the nearest whole number) of the world’s population expected to be living in less developed countries in 2025 and in 2050.2025: _______________ 2050: _______________, Rank the following regions according to the demographic characteristics, in the chart below. Examine the population pyramid of this country in 2050. Students engage in silent peer review once they have finished. What similarities and differences can be observed? For this task, nearly all students groups are able to match the population pyramid with the stage of demographic transition. How do you account for each country’s deviation from the general trend? What is more challenging is for students to identify the factors that contribute to this stage, such as quality of medical care. Students will view two short videos and answer questions about each. How does the shape of a population pyramid impact a country's stage of demographic transition? Prior to this specific lesson/activity, teacher should discuss with students about the topics of population pyramids and the Demographic Transition model. [Encourage students to draw on their knowledge of world history to enrich this discussion. This resource is designed for UK teachers. In this activity you will use the data provided for a specific country to produce an age pyramid diagram and answer questions that relate to the world’s population and your countries population structure. Why do some human populations grow more quickly than others? © 2020 BetterLesson. Students predict the future demographic transition state of a country and connect this future state to the likely environmental impact of that country. View US version. How does the model assist in categorizing countries? Students may use one of the following resources for this task: Second, each group will present their findings to the class. Use the data collected in the chart above to construct three simple scattergrams relating crude birth rate and GNI PPP/capita; crude death rate and GNI PPP/capita; and rate of natural increase and GNI PPP/capita. Regional variations of demographic transitions, Transitions in World Population, p. 6 and pp. Are there multiple ways to achieve a similar end. In class the following day (or after homework is completed): On the board, create four columns for each of the DTM stages being discussed. Explain in words and with a diagram. Waiyaki Way Cassia House, Ground Floor When students have completed their graphs and research, have each group report back to the class. The demographic transition model (DT) is the transition from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates as a country develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic system. Go over the questions on the Student Assignment sheet and have students complete it as homework. What would be an example of a high growth rate? Is the socioeconomic change experienced by industrialized countries a, Graphing paper or graphing software such as MS Excel. How might we stabilize population growth? “Data for Graphing” (provided below or, Graphing paper or graphing software (MS Excel), PowerPoint or overhead transparency of “Demographic Transition in Sweden and Mexico” or the data (found in Handout 1) for making this graph (. These are the types of questions that students will be expected to answer by the end of this lesson. Learn. Westlands Office Park Demographic Transition Europe. Demographic Transition: Students learn about a model of how population change over time and use this model to describe how human populations will impact the Earth in the future. Parents start to think more about family planning. RESOURCE NOTE: The attached PROTOTYPE ACTIVITY GUIDE contains a series of learning activities that might be modified by educators for classroom use. ), What are the key characteristics of the fourth stage of demographic transition? Which characteristics are most helpful in making decisions? Billy White loses his job as a grave digger. These videos are from a third party and attribution information is available from the host pages linked above. ... Where is the country in terms of the demographic transition diagram? Test. Supply the following data and have the students construct the graph for analysis. The underlying premise of the classic Demographic Transition Model is that all countries will eventually pass through all four stages of the transition, just as the countries of Europe did. 806 times. 70% average accuracy. Without providing the demographic transition model stages, assign students a country from the following list. Human Population Pyramids: Students learn how to develop the population pyramid data visualization tool to formally represent an analyze the various human populations throughout the world. cowarda. Parents start to think more about family planning 3. Choose "Individual Country data only" from the "Aggregation Options" box. Students will be prompted to identify which scenario matches and answer questions using the scenario cards provided in the handouts. Discuss social and economic factors that account for the changes in population patterns over the past two centuries. STUDY. Tags: Question 2 . By the end of this section students should be able to match the shape of a country's population pyramid with the demographic stage of that country. Children are warmer in bed at night because they have more sisters and brothers. compares to the demographic transition model. Student engage with this video presentation and summarize the main ideas in one paragraph. Flashcards. Population growth and decline over time and space Washington, DC 20009 Stage 3. Created by. [Note: Data for additional countries can be found in the U.S. Census Bureau International Data Base]. graph. Is There Correlation Between Demographic Indicators and Economic Well-Being? Students will describe the demographic transition stage of one of the countries from "Human Population Pyramids" using the population pyramid of that country. Spell. 2. The demographic transition has swept the world since the end of the nineteen th century. Uses and Limitations of the DTM •Its Eurocentric •Based on western Europe •Based on events from the past •Its had to have been adapted since it was used – Stage 5 was added •Not relevant to countries that aren’t industrialized •Some LEDCs have imported medicine/sanitation What are the differences between the five phases of the “Demographic Transition”? Each students in a group pass written summaries to three classmates for written feedback. By the end of this section all students should be able to describe the causes of demographic transition. These are the same factors that students may have identified from the FLIPPED assignment. Do you agree or disagree with the prediction? Review the classic Demographic Transition Model. Students build on their understanding of the FLIPPED assignment to summarize the purpose of this lesson and suggest ways to use the demographic transition theory to predict future human impact on the environment. [for example, “the higher the CBR, the…the GNI PPP/capita”], Identify countries that are outliers in each graph. The highest natural increase rates are found in countries in which stage of the demographic transition model (DTM)? 7-11 (PDF: 320KB), Population: A Lively Introduction, 4th edition (PDF: 260KB) IR-19: Demographic Transition Model—Reading to Learn—Answer Key Stage Notes Visual Representation Stage 3 Stage 3 is considered the period of industrialization. EXPLAIN: Population pyramids and demographic transition, EVALUATE: Transition and environmental impact. Finally, students will work with data from the United States Census Bureau to assess their understanding of the demographic transition theory. How might we use this model to explain how the population growth trends of countries will stress the Earth’s lim Plan your 60-minute lesson in Science with helpful tips from Daniel Babauta 4. It shows how variations in birth rates (BR) and death rates (DR) cause fluctuations in the natural changes e.g. Phone: +254 735 084293 Refer again to the current World Population Data Sheet to complete the chart below: *GNI PPP refers to gross national income converted to “international” dollars using a purchasing power parity conversion factor. [Note: Graphs can be constructed either manually on graph paper or electronically using a software program such as MS Excel. Question: The Activity Focuses On Some Of The Factors That Determine Population Growth In A Particular Area, How Fertility Rates Have Declined In Many Areas, And Variables That Encourage Large Families In Some Areas But Bring Birth Rates Down In Others. Demographic transition is a series of stages that a country goes through when transitioning from non-industrial to industrial. The class will learn about the demographic transition model through a teacher-centered mini-lesson format. The demographic transition model describes how populations change over time. 2. International dollars indicate the amount of goods and services one could buy in the United States with a given amount of money. Then students will answer the following question: If the world population is 9 billion in 2050, what impact will this have on the environment? What are some limitations? All Rights Reserved. Phone: 800-877-9881 Have students construct a graph showing the trends in birth and death rates and population growth. 5. Population pyramid and demographic transition relationship. Which stages of demographic transition have a high rate of population growth? The teacher will model this annotation process by adding factors to the "What are the stages of the demographic transition model?" This model—the Demographic Transition Model—suggests a shift from high fertility/high mortality to low fertility/low mortality, with an intermediate period of rapid growth during which declining fertility rates lag behind declining mortality rates. Are they rising? Nairobi, Kenya Created: Nov 21, 2011. Finally, student groups will read one prediction to the whole class. Compare the transitions in these two countries to the classic model. The demographic transition model describes how populations change over time. Now return to the original questions to discuss the classic Demographic Transition Model. This lesson provides a powerful analytic framework. Geography. AP Human Geography*: Unit II—Population Unit What is “Demographic Transition”? Stage 3. Is the socioeconomic change experienced by industrialized countries a prerequisite or a consequence of demographic transition? HUMAN DEMOGRAPHY SEQUENCING NOTE: For an overview of what students will learn about human demography and how this learning builds towards the CAPSTONE for this unit, see the outline below: 7 Billion : Students learn about factors that have influenced the growth of the human population over time. Refer to the current World Population Data Sheet by the Population Reference Bureau to answer the following questions. From discussion, students should gain a basic understanding of the information contained within each of these two types of geographic. Make sure you understand why the birth and death rate line is where it is at . Crude Birth Rates (Births per 1,000 people in a given population)1 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 Niger 57.0 57.7 55.9 54.6 55.0 52.4 49.8 47.0 43.0 38.6 What causes population growth rate to reach zero? Because the countries of Europe, as well as the United States, have achieved economic success and enjoy generally high standards of living, completion of the demographic transition has come to be associated with socioeconomic progress. Here is the protocol for conducting this research: Third, students will share findings with the class. By the end of this mini-lesson, each student should have at least one factor impacting the birth rate and death rate within each stage of demographic transition. This lesson begins with an exploration of the demographic transition as a FLIPPED assignment before class. Next, students will read IR-20 and take notes using IR-19. Handout 1. Demographic Transition Critical Thinking Activity Situation 1. Describe the changes in CBRs in a country over time as it makes its way through the DTM b. Terms in this set (10) Billy White loses his job as a gravedigger. Stage 2. 3) Answer the follow-up questions on the back based on your graph. EXPLORE: What is the demographic transition theory? RESOURCES NOTE: Both videos are attached in case youtube is blocked within a school. With the advent of complex machines (e.g., tractor, cotton gin, and spinning jenny), people were able to increase the efficiency of producing food and clothing. [See alternative strategy below]. Categories & Ages. These settled communities permitted humans to observe and experiment with plants to learn how they grew and developed. Rates can be found in the. Info.

I use this activity after teaching both the Demographic Transition Model (stages of demographic transition) and the basics of population pyramids.
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