There are restrictions on the movement of nursery stock, trees, logs, lumber, wood, wood chips and bark chips from trees identified as potential hosts of the ALB and firewood of all species in the regulated area (see map below).  It is also recommended that potential host trees (maple, birch, poplar, willow, elm, horse chestnut, sycamore, katsura, mountain ash, silk tree, hackberry, and goldenrain tree) should not be planted within the regulated area until the ALB has been declared eradicated.  The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) acted quickly to address the infestation. Tell your friends, family, and neighbours about the threat from ALB. ), poplars (Populus spp. Use the Midwest Invasive Species Information Network, http://www.misin.msu.edu/tools/apps/#home, Michigan Departments of Agriculture & Rural Development and Natural Resources Asian Longhorned Beetle Forest Pest Alert - printable PDF, Small Format Asian Longhorned Beetle Forest Pest Alert - printable PDF, Asian Longhorned Beetle and its Host Trees, Dontmovefirewood.org - Asian Longhorned Beetle Gallery, USDA - FS Forest Health Protection - Asian Longhorned Beetle - Images and Slides. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. 2017. North American trees have little or no resistance to infestation.   Â, Signs of infestation by ALB include (City of Toronto, 2015):Â. Asian longhorned beetles create large (1.5 – 2 cm diameter) exit holes on the trunk and branches of host trees. Japan is often erroneously included in its native range. More than 1 billion maple trees grow in Michigan. Over five years passed with no detectable signs of ALB in the area, and it was officially declared to be eradicated in April 2013 by the CFIA – a great success! In June 2011, the Asian Longhorned Beetle was discovered in Tate Township in Clermont County. Alder Dieback. For more information on reporting an invasive species, click here! Also, as the beetle favours maple species, the damage and death it causes to these trees could greatly hurt the maple syrup industry, which is worth about $100 million each year in Canada (NRCan, 2014; City of Toronto, 2015). The Asian Long-horned Beetle is an invasive insect which made its way to North America about 20 years ago, most likely hitching a ride in pallet wood coming from Asia. ALB boring phsyc… Ongoing monitoring efforts are now on-going to ensure this infestation has been contained (, OFAH/OMNR Invading Species Awareness Program, 2012, D-11-05 – Phytosanitary Requirements for Non-Manufactured and Non-Propagative Wood Products to Prevent the Introduction from the Continental United States and Spread Within Canada of the Asian Long-horned Beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky), D-02-12 – Import requirements of non-manufactured wood and other non-propagative wood products, except solid wood packaging material, from all areas other than the continental United States, D-01-12 – Phytosanitary Requirements for the Importation and Domestic Movement of Firewood, D-98-08 – Entry Requirements for Wood Packaging Materials Produced in All Areas Other Than the Continental United States, Survey Guidelines for Asian Longhorned Beetle (, Lignes directrices pour les enquêtes sur le longicorne asiatique (. Further, healthy forests support tourism and recreation, so damage to the natural environment could negatively impact these industries aswell. ), birches (Betula spp. ALB was first detected in an industrial area north of Toronto in September 2003. For example, when the emerald ash borer (EAB) was first detected in Windsor, Ontario in 2002, a quarantine barrier was established. Adults lay their eggs in hardwood trees, and larvae then tunnel through the living tissue of the tree stopping the flow of water and nutrients, killing it. Following positive detection of Asian longhorned beetle, trees identified to be infested or high-risk are removed and destroyed by chipping. ), and willows (Salix spp. It is invasive outside its native range. All ALB infestations are under active eradication programs. This invasive beetle has no known natural predators and poses a threat to Ohio's hardwood forests (more than $2.5 billion in standing maple timber) and … If ALB is not eradicated and populations spread across North America, the economic and ecological impacts would be enormous. As the name suggests, the success of this strategy depends on how early the species is detected, and how rapid and effective the response is. If the beetle spreads within Ontario and Canada, it can cause large reductions in wood supply and reduce the availability and quality of hardwood species to the forest industry. The Asian longhorned beetle is a black insect with white speckles that grows a long antenna. The Asian Longhorned Beetle (ALB) was found in Worcester, MA in August 2008 and in Boston in July 2010. Photo: Jason Dean, Flikr.comThe Asian longhorned beetle, which attacks a wide range of hardwood tree species, including the sugar maple, threatens the $100 million maple syrup industry in Canada.Â. Adult beetles are 20–35 mm long, shiny black, with up to 20 white spots on each wing cover. The rate of development depends on temperatures during the growing season; therefore, a portion of the population can take two years, rather than one, to complete its life cycle. This borer attacks a variety of hardwood trees. Asian Longhorned Beetle (ALB) was first discovered in North America at several ports in the early 1990's. Asian Longhorned Beetle ... South Carolina finds an Asian longhorned beetle … By the following spring, 531 infested or likely infested trees were removed and destroyed, in addition to 12,500 high-risk trees in the regulated area. It is believed to have entered the United States inside solid wood packing material from China (USDA – Forest Service 2002). Maple trees are culturally and economically important to Canadians, and the loss of this species could have devastating impacts. The Asian longhorned beetle regulated area. (2005), the loss of a foundation species from a forest can result in a disruption of fundamental ecosystem processes, such as decomposition rates, nutrient cycling, carbon sequestration, energy flow, and impacts adjacent aquatic ecosystems in riparian areas. As trees were removed, full documentation of tree species, tree size, and signs and location of beetle attacks on each tree was carried out. This was done to prevent the further spread of the beetle. More than 1 billion maple trees grow in Michigan. Throughout this process, 25 more infested trees and 17 suspect trees were discovered. Lymantria dispar. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Pay attention to trees, especially maples, with dying branches.  If the Asian longhorned beetle establishes itself in Canada, a wide range of social activities that depend on healthy hardwood forests could be impacted, such as hiking, camping, and fall-colour tours.Â. Report any suspect ALB signs or symptoms – photos help! To date, 15 states, British Columbia, and Ontario have reported ALB interceptions (City of Toronto, 2015). Unfortunately, a new infestation was discovered in Mississauga, Ontario in 2013, and eradication and quarantine efforts are currently in place to stop its spread. This insect pest poses a serious risk to trees and forests. Larvae:  Round, grub-like, and creamy white-coloured. The adult insect is shiny black with prominent irregular white spots, long antennae with black and white banding. Replant removed trees with a native non-host species. (OMRNF, 2014), “Photos: (1) Taylor Scarr, OMNRF, and (2-4) Kelly Withers, ISC, In Ontario, full development of ALB populations has been observed on maples (Acer spp. In Canada, the adult ALB can easily be mistaken for several native beetles that look similar, such as the white-spotted sawyer (Monochamus scutellatus). (OFAH/OMNR Invading Species Awareness Program, 2012). Maple trees are the Asian longhorned beetle’s (ALB) favorite host. The threat: ALB populations are known to be present in areas of southern Ohio, Massachusetts and New York. ALB can attack and kill many other tree species, including poplar, willow, sycamore, and horse chestnut. Invasive Species - (Anoplophora glabripennis) Watch List - Prohibited in Michigan The Asian longhorned beetle can attack and kill many tree species including poplar, willow, sycamore, and horse chestnut, but its favorite host are maple trees. What could happen in Michigan? If you suspect you have a serious wood-boring or Asian longhorned beetle problem, it’s time to call an arborist (a tree specialist). A new infestation of ALB has been recently detected in Mississauga, Ontario. Asian longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis) is a destructive wood-boring pest of maple and other hardwoods, eventually killing them. The Invasive Species Centre aims to connect stakeholders. The hardwood species that the beetle attacks make up a large proportion of both natural and urban forest canopies across Canada. Therefore, the loss of these trees would mean a decrease in these social benefits. The Asian longhorned beetle is a wood boring beetle native to China and Korea. Invading Species – Asian Long-horned Beetle Profile, Asian Long-horned Beetle: An unwanted invasive species, Natural Resources Canada – Asian Long-horned Beetle ProfileÂ, Ontario Government – Asian Long-horned Beetle ProfileÂ, Tree Canada – Asian Long-horned Beetle Profile, 1219 Queen St. E This is the best time to spot the round, drill-like holes made by the Asian longhorned beetle (ALB); a highly destructive invasive pest that destroys trees. Adult Trapping System Research Issue. The eggs produce larvae and those larvae tunnel deep under the bark and feed on living tree tissue. info@invasivespeciescentre.ca, Asian longhorned beetle (ALHB) has been eradicated from the cities of Mississauga and Toronto in the province of Ontario. Available online at http://www.eddmaps.org/; last accessed May 18, 2017. ALB are shiny and black with prominent, irregular white spots, 2-4 cm in length. A regulated area, from which nursery stock, wood products, and tree materials are not to be moved, has been put in place in efforts to contain and eliminate the forest pest (CFIA, 2014). Susceptible Tree Species Eggs resemble grains of rice, and could take a week to several months to develop into larvae. Any widespread tree loss due to ALB has the potential to impact tourism and recreation values, due to the loss of aesthetic values that trees and forests possess. Unfortunately, a new infestation was detected in Mississauga in 2013. Asian longhorned beetle (ALB) was first discovered in North America at several ports in the early 1990s. The ALB readily attacks and kills maple trees, which are widespread across natural and urban areas in Canada. Again, early detection of the new infestation allowed for rapid response by dedicated researchers and technicians. ALB was first detected in the US and Canada in the early 1990s at several ports. Many susceptible trees around the infested areas were removed in hopes of stopping the spread of the beetle. WATCH LIST - PROHIBITED IN MICHIGAN. This species of beetle requires special treatment and should be left to the professionals. This feeding effectively cuts off the tree's food supply and starves it to the point of death. check out the Forest Invasives Canada Quick Tips Page, How Collaboration Kept an Invasive Beetle at Bay, The spotted lanternfly is a border away: Help us keep it out, Oval-shaped egg pits dug on trunk, branches, or exposed roots, Large round exit holes (1.5-2 cm diameter). a Life cycle (adapted from Michael Bohne, used with permission; image of adult female courtesy of Barbara Strnadova, used with permission). Unfortunately, the EAB had already spread beyond the geographical range of this barrier long before the quarantine was established. When adults emerge, they feed on the leaves. P6A 2E5 Latin Name Common Name . Factsheet - Minnesota Department of Agriculture Report the Asian long-horned beetle by emailing " Arrest the Pest " [email protected] or calling 651-201-6684 (metro) or 1-888-545-6684 (toll-free) Scientists now believe that EAB could have been present in Ontario up to 10 years prior to its initial detection. The Asian longhorned beetle (ALHB, Anoplophora glabripennis) is a highly destructive wood-boring pest of maples and other hardwood trees including poplar, birch and willow. This borer attacks a variety of hardwood trees. Roughly 7,500 trees were removed in an 800 m buffer surrounding known infested sites. The larvae overwinter in the tree, until pupation occurs in April or May. P: (705) 541-5790 In some cases, however, early detection and rapid response can be very effective and successful. Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky, is native to Asia (principally China) and invasive in parts of western Europe, and in several American cities, where eradication efforts are underway. Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky, is native to Asia (principally China) and invasive in parts of western Europe, and in several American cities, where eradication efforts are underway. From 2004-2007, an additional 40 infested trees were detected and removed each year, less than 15 infested trees were found in 2007, and no infested trees were found for the remainder of the surveys (NRCAN, 2011). The beetle, which digs into trees to …
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